The traditional farmers began their planting activities during the rainy or monsoon season, The farmers would start by preparing the fields and seedling beds. The soft soil flooded by rainfall made clearing and preparation of seedling beds and paddy fields easier.
Equipments such as hoe and scythe / sickle were used to clear and shaped the bunds and paddy fields, while the soil were soften and smoothen with the help of tools such as plough, hoe and tenggiling. These traditional tools were earlier manned by humans but later on cows and water buffaloes were use to plough and smoothen the fields.
The farmers must also ensure that the paddy fields were adequately flooded with rain water when preparing the seedlings beds and also for paddy planting. After 30 to 50 days, the good and healthy seedlings were transplanted to the paddy fields. These seedlings were sown by hands or by using a special tool called Kuku Kambing. Paddy planting was usually carried out by groups of village women.